Male and female behavioural differences show a relationship with their different brain networks, say researchers.
The study said, structural differences in the brain may have link to male and female behaviour differences such as men being more likely to be superior at learning and performing a single task at hand and women being more likely to show superior memory and social cognition skills, the study said.
Senior study author Ragini Verma, associate professor at Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania in the US said, "Our results suggest a synchrony between sex-related differences in the brain network and behaviour."
The findings featured in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.
For the study, the researchers did diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) brain scans and ran a computerised neurocognitive battery (CNB) of tests on 900 randomly selected healthy and unmedicated children and young adults in ages eight and 22 years.
These methods enabled the team to develop a structural connectome, similar to a road map of each participant's brain.
According to results of the team, stronger structural connectivity in motor, sensory, and executive functions complemented higher motor and spatial skills in males.
Verma said, "Links between brain and behaviour possibly rely on a complex interplay among multiple features of the neurobiological mechanism."