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NASA and ISRO to launch satellite to study earthquakes and climate change

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and US space agency NASA will join hands for the first time to launch a satellite that will help study earthquake and its patterns.

The satellite is named NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) and designed to observe and take measurements of some of the earth's most complex processes, including ice-sheet collapse, ecosystem disturbances, and natural hazards such as landslides, volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis.

NISAR satellite will be launched from India in either 2020 or 2021 depending on how fast the agencies working on the program are able to complete their work.

Developing the NISAR satellite will involve the building of payload consisting of L- and S- bands. NASA will provide the L- band components, while ISRO will provide S- band components.

The satellite is expected to mark a significant milestone in the better understanding Earth activities such as landslides monitoring, biomass estimate and sea level changes.

The collaboration between NASA and ISRO to boost the study of climate change follows the recent unprecedented rise in global temperatures. Scientists entered 2015 as the hottest year on record going back to 1890s.

Climate change has threatened life on earth with accelerated ice melting raising risks of flooding in coastal settlement and threatening aquatic life.