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The data of the National Cancer Registry Programme of the India Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has revealed that over 1,300 Indian succumb to cancer every day.
This means that cancer has become one of the major causes of death in the country, followed by tuberculosis.
The ICMR data estimated that mortality rate due to cancer saw an increase of six per cent approximately between 2012 and 2014. "There has been close to 5 lakh deaths due to cancer in the country in 2014," said a senior Health Ministry official.
As per the data, 4,91,598 people died in 2014 out of 28,20,179 cases, while in 2013 it was 4,78,180 deaths out of 29,34,314 cases reported and in 2012, around 4,65,169 people died due to the disease when the number of cases stood at 30,16,628.
"Large number of ageing population, unhealthy lifestyles, use of tobacco and tobacco products, unhealthy diets, lack of diagnostic facilities, etc. are some of the factors that can be attributed to the increase in the number of cancer deaths," the official said.
In 2013-14, a scheme was approved by the government for enhancing the specialised consultative care for cancer in the country. At that time, the government had also issued guidelines for strengthening of the facilities were circulated to the states in January 2014.
The ecords of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme showed that Tuberculosis caused the second highest number of deaths in the country with 63,265 casualties in 2011, 61,887 in 2012 and 57,095 in 2013.
The government, under the programme, provides free of cost diagnosis and treatment facilities including anti-TB drugs to patients.
"We have established designated microscopy centres for quality diagnosis of every one lakh population in the general areas and for every 50,000 population in the tribal, hilly and difficult areas," the official said.